For Real Enlightenment, Call Grandmother To Talk Loudly

This is the notes for Geography.....for those who do not have it, you can take a look:

For Real Enlightenment, Call Grandmother To Talk Loudly

Human Factors

Flat land

  • Develop infrastructure build factories
  • Level land preferred
  • Easier to clear land
  • Availability of large area of land
  • Usually located away from city centers & commercial districts
  • Less expensive and congested

Raw Materials

  • Inputs for production
  • Nature of Raw Materials - Heavy & Bulky
  • Huge cost incurred in transportation result in location near source of raw materials
  • Nature of raw materials - Perishables


Power needed to run machines

Industries that require a large supply of energy

Industries require a constant supply of energy


  • Availability of loan

{ Low interest rated help increase amount of capital available for companies to operate. }


  • Steers focus of industry type suitable for economic growth of country, location of industry
  • May provide financial incentives to attract investors
  • May restrict or limit certain type of industries
  • Politically stable
  • Conductive for manufacturing
  • Risks are minimised

  • Taxation . Stability . Regulation . Interest Rate

Jurong Island:

  • Petroleum & speciality chemical industries

• Located away from residential areas

• Developed through reclamation and joining of other smaller islands

  • Has easy accessibility to mainland
  • Growing importance of quaternary industries
  • To encourage and enhance high value-added industries

Marketplace of transaction

  • High demand for goods/services
  • Perishable products, fragile items
  • Improvements in transport enable manufacturers to overcome issue of distance for perishable products


  • Movement of people & goods through the use of vehicles
  • Good transport system
  • Lower costs involved in moving goods from factory to markets
  • Advancements in transportation
  • Companies can reach new markets & new sources of raw materials

Eg. Highways


  • Knowledge, skills and tools used to meet needs and overcome physical constraints
  • Industries producing perishable goods need no be located near markets
  • Cheaper and faster transport & communication
  • More goals can reach foreign markets within the same time frame
  • Mass media opening up new markets

Labour - Important to labour intensive industries

• Low cost (Is it cheap?)

• Readily available (Is there enough people?)

• Specialised & highly skilled labour (Do the people have the correct skill set?)

Credits goes to one of my friend...

Category: 6 comments


t.jianhui said...

woah thanks HUNK!

Harsh Seth said...


Soh Fan said...

No problem!

Sher Li said...

thanks... this practically saved my life.

Sheimasu said...

thanks. also saved my life.

BlEh! said...


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